CORONAVIRUS (COVID-19) RESOURCE CENTER Read More

Health & Dental

    Results: 108

  • Abortion Services (1)
    LJ-2000.0100

    Abortion Services

    LJ-2000.0100

    Programs that provide access to pregnancy termination services for individuals who want to avoid an unplanned or unwanted birth.
  • Activities of Daily Living Assessment (2)
    LF-0100

    Activities of Daily Living Assessment

    LF-0100

    Programs that evaluate an individual's capacity for self-care and his or her ability to function independently in the context of everyday living and which, where necessary, may recommend rehabilitative services (e.g., independent living skills instruction), supportive services (e.g., attendant care, personal care or home health care), or an alternative residential setting (e.g., an assisted living center or nursing facility). Activities of daily living include bathing, eating, dressing, mobility, transferring from bed to chair and using the toilet. Most assessments also include instrumental activities of daily living such as using the telephone, taking medication, money management, housework, meal preparation, laundry and grocery shopping. Evaluation services are generally provided for individuals who have physical and/or mental limitations or for people whose age may constitute a temporary (children) or developing (elderly) limitation.
  • Acupuncture (1)
    LT-0500.0500

    Acupuncture

    LT-0500.0500

    Programs that produce regional anesthesia, eliminate or reduce pain or treat other health problems by passing long needles through the skin to specific points. The free ends of the needles are twirled or in some cases used to conduct a weak electrical current to increase stimulation at the desired point. In some cases moxibustion is used in combination with traditional acupuncture to enhance the treatment. Moxibustion involves the burning of dried herbs (mugwort) at or near specific acupuncture points or whole areas of the body. Benefits come both from the heat of the smoldering leaves and from the nature of the herb itself.
  • AIDS/HIV (31)
    YF-3000.0270

    AIDS/HIV

    YF-3000.0270

    Individuals who are at risk or have tested positive for infection with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), or have developed AIDS which is caused by the HIV virus and impairs the function of the body's immune system leaving affected individuals vulnerable to illnesses that would not otherwise occur.
  • Birth Control (7)
    LJ-2000.1000

    Birth Control

    LJ-2000.1000

    Programs that provide permanent or temporary measures by which an individual can prevent conception.
  • Brain Injury Assessment (1)
    LF-4900.1200

    Brain Injury Assessment

    LF-4900.1200

    Programs that conduct medical tests to determine the extent of brain injuries and the type of treatment and rehabilitation that are needed. Brain injuries may be hereditary, congenital, degenerative or acquired. Acquired brain injuries include central nervous system injury from physical trauma (traumatic brain injuries), anoxia or hypoxic episodes and allergic conditions, toxic substances, and other acute medical/clinical incidents.
  • Breast Examinations (1)
    LF-4900.1500-120

    Breast Examinations

    LF-4900.1500-120

    Programs that offer the screening procedure for the early detection of breast cancer which involves a manual examination of the breasts for lumps, thickening or other abnormalities.
  • Breast Milk Banks (1)
    LH-0500.1200

    Breast Milk Banks

    LH-0500.1200

    Programs that collect and store milk from the mammary glands of women who are willing to donate it for use with infants whose own mothers have no milk and who are unable to use milk from cows or goats.
  • Breastfeeding Support Programs (4)
    LJ-5000.1000

    Breastfeeding Support Programs

    LJ-5000.1000

    Programs that provide information and instruction concerning appropriate techniques for nursing an infant for expectant parents or new mothers.
  • Child Abuse Medical Evaluations (1)
    LF-7000.1550

    Child Abuse Medical Evaluations

    LF-7000.1550

    Hospitals and clinics with multidisciplinary teams that conduct historical interviews and physical examinations of children to determine whether there are injuries or other forms of physical evidence that are consistent with neglect, emotional deprivation/failure to thrive, or physical or sexual abuse that constitute the battered child syndrome. Historical information supplied by the child in the medical interview may be used to establish a case for child abuse even in the absence of physical evidence.
  • Childhood Immunization (1)
    LT-3400.1500

    Childhood Immunization

    LT-3400.1500

    Programs that inoculate infants and young children to prevent them from contracting diseases to which they are particularly susceptible including diphtheria, tetanus (lockjaw), measles, mumps, chicken pox (varicella), rubella (German measles), whooping cough (pertussis), Hib (haemophilus influenzae type B), hepatitis B, pneumococcal infections and polio. Hepatitis A vaccine is recommended for use in selected locales and for certain high-risk groups. Influenza vaccine is recommended annually for children older than six months with specific risk factors. Rotavirus vaccination (to prevent acute gastroenteritis with vomiting and severe diarrhea) is recommended during the first year of infancy. A baby should receive two or three doses depending on the brand used. Some childhood immunizations involve a series of doses at specific intervals.
  • Community Clinics (31)
    LN-1500

    Community Clinics

    LN-1500

    Consumer-based, community-controlled, nonprofit outpatient facilities that provide basic health care including physical examinations, immunizations, family planning, nutrition assistance and diagnosis and treatment of common ailments for low income people, people who are homeless or uninsured/underinsured or other medically underserved populations that are geographically, economically and culturally challenged. Services are generally provided on an ability-to-pay basis. In the U.S., most community clinics are part of the network of Federally Qualified Health Centers, and many are known as "free clinics".
  • Cosmetic Dentistry (1)
    LV-1600.1500

    Cosmetic Dentistry

    LV-1600.1500

    Programs that offer elective dental work which improves the appearance of a person's teeth and enhances their smile. Included are porcelain crowns; procedures such as veneers, bonding and contouring which disguise teeth that are chipped, broken, stained, poorly shaped, slightly crooked or have spaces between them; and whitening treatments.
  • COVID-19 Immunization Clinics (10)
    LT-3400.1525

    COVID-19 Immunization Clinics

    LT-3400.1525

    Programs that provide inoculations that help prevent individuals from contracting the COVID-19 virus, either to the general public or targeting critical workforce personnel and/or higher-risk priority groups. The clinics may be walk-in sites (pharmacies, churches, community centers, outdoor tents) or locations in areas with curbside or drive-through options. Most sites require physical distancing, use of personal protective equipment (PPE), and enhanced sanitation efforts. Most of the vaccines are administered as two shots given with a needle, usually in the arm and separated by a period of weeks. The official document for verifying receipt of a COVID-19 immunization in the U.S. is a small, white vaccination record card issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which is given to recipients after their first or single shot. The vaccination card serves as a personal immunization record which identifies the vaccine they received, its lot number, the date and the vaccination site as well as a reminder, if applicable, of when their next dose is due. The card is updated with details about a second shot after that is provided.
  • Dementia Management (3)
    LT-1750.1700

    Dementia Management

    LT-1750.1700

    Programs that offer any of a variety of therapeutic approaches which are intended to maximize the existing cognitive functioning of people who have Alzheimer's disease, Pick's disease or other forms of cognitive impairment. Interventions include structured activities and exercises that are designed for people who have a short attention span and require extra verbal and visual stimulation with the objective of enhancing the individual's perception of the environment, promoting trust, reducing anxiety, avoiding overstimulation and maximizing communication skills.
  • Dental Hygiene (1)
    LV-1600.1700

    Dental Hygiene

    LV-1600.1700

    Programs that offer preventive dental care including professional teeth cleaning and information about the proper daily self-care of the teeth to remove plaque, food and other residue that is associated with periodontal disease and tooth decay.
  • Dental Prosthodontics (4)
    LV-1600.1750

    Dental Prosthodontics

    LV-1600.1750

    Programs that specialize in the esthetic restoration or replacement of teeth. Prosthodontic procedures include crowns, bridges, veneers, inlays, onlays and complete and partial dentures. Dental implants are the preferred method for replacing missing teeth, so many prosthodontic procedures are done with implants as the support instead of the natural teeth or gums. Prosthodontic care is provided by both general dentists and prosthodontic specialists called prosthodontists.
  • Dental Restoration (6)
    LV-1600.1800

    Dental Restoration

    LV-1600.1800

    Programs that are staffed by specialists who are concerned with the repair, replacement or reimplantation of broken or missing teeth.
  • Diabetes Management Clinics (2)
    LT-1750.1750

    Diabetes Management Clinics

    LT-1750.1750

    Programs that help people of all ages who have juvenile or adult diabetes understand and manage their illness. Services may include screening programs for early identification of the condition and associated complications; establishment of a treatment regimen; patient education; and self-management skills development assistance which may focus on use of insulin and drugs to control blood sugar levels, blood glucose monitoring, dietary management in different environments (at home, at work, in school, while dining out), menu planning, the role of exercise in relation to food intake, hygienic measures such as foot care and ways to reduce the likelihood of diabetes-related complications which may include heart disease, kidney failure, amputation, nerve damage and blindness. Included are programs that provide comprehensive preventive, diagnostic and treatment services on an inpatient or outpatient basis as well as less formal programs that emphasize education and may provide any combination of supportive services such as case management, assistance in obtaining needed products and services, and assistance in following the prescribed treatment regimen. Diabetes is a chronic, incurable disease in which the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin to allow the body to adequately metabolize sugar.
  • Diabetes Screening (1)
    LF-4900.1700

    Diabetes Screening

    LF-4900.1700

    Programs that administer tests which determine whether an individual has diabetes, a disorder in which the pancreas produces too little insulin with the result that the body in unable to adequately metabolize sugar.
  • Emergency Dental Care (9)
    LV-1600.1900

    Emergency Dental Care

    LV-1600.1900

    Programs that provide immediate, short-term assistance for people who have lost a filling, broken or lost a tooth or dental prosthesis or who have other dental emergencies and are unable to wait for treatment on an appointment basis.
  • Endodontics (7)
    LV-1600.1980

    Endodontics

    LV-1600.1980

    Programs that specialize in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases of the dental pulp and surrounding tissue.
  • Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (1)
    RP-8000.1950

    Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing

    RP-8000.1950

    Programs that help individuals recover from a traumatic event such as combat experiences, rape, molestation, catastrophic loss or natural disaster through a procedure which uses physical movement in combination with other therapeutic techniques. The process is based on the hypothesis that traumatization causes an overexcitement of a specific locus of the brain producing a neural pathology that "freezes" the information in its original anxiety-producing form. EMDR permits the "frozen" information to be desensitized, reprocessed and adaptively integrated resulting in diffusion of the traumatic imagery and a reduction of negative client symptoms, e.g., emotional distress, intrusive thoughts, flashbacks and nightmares.
  • Eye Screening (4)
    LF-4900.2000

    Eye Screening

    LF-4900.2000

    Programs that offer screening procedures that identify people who have targeted eye diseases or vision deficiencies that may require further examination.
  • Family and Community Medicine (1)
    LV-2600

    Family and Community Medicine

    LV-2600

    Programs that are staffed by specialists in the field of medicine that is concerned with the total health of the individual within the home environment and in the community. Practitioners of family and community medicine provide comprehensive medical care including preventive services with particular emphasis on the family unit, in which the physician's continuing responsibility for health care is not limited by the patient's age or gender, nor by a particular organ system or disease entity.
  • Flu Vaccines (18)
    LT-3400.2000

    Flu Vaccines

    LT-3400.2000

    Programs that inoculate susceptible individuals of all ages, but particularly people who are very young or very old, to prevent them from contracting any of the variant strains of influenza that are prevalent during the winter and spring. The vaccine may be administered as a "shot" that is given with a needle, usually in the arm, or in the form of a nasal mist.
  • General Dentistry (15)
    LV-1600.2400

    General Dentistry

    LV-1600.2400

    Programs that provide primary oral health care for patients of all ages. General dentists are responsible for the diagnosis, treatment, management and overall coordination of specialized services related to the patient's oral health needs. Services generally include an oral health history, preventive dental cleanings, dental radiographs, oral cancer screening, an examination of the teeth to detect tooth decay or other problems, a periodontal examination to detect gum disease, dental restorations (e.g., fillings, crowns and implants), cosmetic dentistry, and other procedures such as fluoride treatment.
  • General Health Education Programs (5)
    LH-2700.2500

    General Health Education Programs

    LH-2700.2500

    Programs that provide information that helps the public make choices which promote personal health, prevent illness and disability, take advantage of opportunities for early detection, and support their ability to deal effectively with health problems when they arise. General health education programs provide information about a wide variety of health related topics rather than specializing in a particular area.
  • General Health Insurance Information/Counseling (1)
    LH-3500.2500

    General Health Insurance Information/Counseling

    LH-3500.2500

    Programs that help people in need of health insurance evaluate the full range of alternatives available to them and select the coverage that best meets their needs.
  • General Medical Care (11)
    LE

    General Medical Care

    LE

    Routine health care provided by internists, pediatricians, family medicine specialists, gynecologists, obstetricians, nurse practitioners, midwives, physicians' assistants or other health care providers who serve as the first point of contact with the health care system. Services focus on the prevention and early detection of health problems through regular physical examinations, blood pressure checks, mammograms and other similar procedures as well as therapeutic services for people who do not require specialty care.
  • General Medical Equipment/Supplies Provision (1)
    LH-5000.2500

    General Medical Equipment/Supplies Provision

    LH-5000.2500

    Programs that maintain a comprehensive collection of medical equipment and supplies for use in the home and make it available to people who need it, generally on a rental purchase basis.
  • General Physical Examinations (11)
    LF-7100.2500

    General Physical Examinations

    LF-7100.2500

    Routine examinations conducted on an annual basis to assess the general physical condition of an individual and detect abnormalities. General physicals vary, but most involve a discussion of any concerns the patient may be having; checking vital signs (temperature, blood pressure, heart rate and respiration rate), weight and general appearance; heart and lung exams using a stethoscope; a head and neck exam that looks at the throat, teeth and gums, ears, sinuses, eyes, lymph nodes, thyroid and carotid arteries; an abdominal exam that uses palpation to detect liver size, the presence of abdominal fluid or tenderness; a visual examination of the extremities; and breast and pelvic exams for women, testicular and prostate exams for men. The annual physical exam also provides an opportunity to refocus attention on prevention and screening and routine laboratory tests may be suggested.
  • Genetic Testing and Screening (1)
    LF-5350

    Genetic Testing and Screening

    LF-5350

    Programs that conduct tests of an individual's genetic material (DNA, RNA, chromosomes, proteins, and certain metabolites) to establish whether there are risk factors associated with particular diseases or disabilities, to help identify or exonerate individuals involved in criminal matters based on DNA evidence, or to establish paternity or maternity for legal or immigration purposes. Genetic testing generally involves individuals suspected of criminal activity or being at high risk for a disease or disability whereas genetic screening is conducted with a broader population about which risk factors are unknown.
  • Geriatric Assessment (1)
    LF-4900.2050

    Geriatric Assessment

    LF-4900.2050

    Programs, generally staffed by an interdisciplinary team comprising a geriatrician, a nurse, a social worker and a pharmacist, that evaluate the functional ability, physical health, cognitive and mental health and socioenvironmental situation of older adults, particular those who are frail or chronically ill, to identify health-related problems, develop plans for treatment and follow-up, coordinate care, determine the need for long-term care, and ensure the optimal use of health care resources. Beneficial outcomes may include greater diagnostic accuracy, improved functional and mental status, reduced mortality, decreased use of nursing facilities and acute care hospitals and increased satisfaction with care.
  • Geriatric Dentistry (1)
    LV-1600.2500

    Geriatric Dentistry

    LV-1600.2500

    Programs that specialize in providing care for the teeth and associated structures in the oral cavities of frail and/or medically compromised older adults who may have conditions such as Parkinson's disease, dementia, hypertension and diabetes.
  • Health Education (30)
    LH-2700

    Health Education

    LH-2700

    Programs that provide information that improves the public's understanding of living and working conditions and other factors that safeguard their health and prevent or reduce the risk of injury, disease, disability and premature death. Health education programs help people make informed decisions about matters which affect their personal health and the health of others. They inform the public of health and safety hazards, help people modify behaviors that compromise their health, encourage people to take advantage of early detection programs and provide information about treatment and rehabilitation options for people who have an illness, injury or disability. They also provide anticipatory information or guidance to help people deal with and understand specific medical procedures, being hospitalized or other necessary interfaces with the health care system.
  • Health Insurance Information/Counseling (1)
    LH-3500

    Health Insurance Information/Counseling

    LH-3500

    Programs that offer information and guidance for people who need assistance in selecting appropriate health insurance coverage and which may also answer questions about health insurance benefits and help people complete insurance forms.
  • Health Insurance Premium Assistance (10)
    LH-5100.3000

    Health Insurance Premium Assistance

    LH-5100.3000

    Programs that make health insurance payments for individuals who are at risk for losing their health, dental and/or vision care coverage and who meet age, income, disability, need or other requirements. Some programs may also provide assistance with deductibles and co-pays.
  • Hearing Aids (1)
    LH-0600.3000-300

    Hearing Aids

    LH-0600.3000-300

    Programs that pay for or provide amplification equipment for people who have impaired but correctable hearing. Included are hearing aids that are placed in the canal, in the ear (ITE or intraural), or behind the ear (BTE); eyeglasses aids; body aids; and vibrotactile aids which vibrate to assist the wearer to recognize speech and increase environmental awareness.
  • Hearing Screening (1)
    LF-4900.2150

    Hearing Screening

    LF-4900.2150

    Programs that offer hearing threshold tests for the purpose of identifying individuals whose ability to perceive sound falls outside the normal range. People who fail the screening test need an in-depth evaluation by an audiologist.
  • Hepatitis Testing (3)
    LF-4900.2200

    Hepatitis Testing

    LF-4900.2200

    Programs that administer tests which identify individuals who have been exposed to hepatitis A, B or C by detecting the presence of associated antigens, antibodies or genetic material (DNA). Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver caused by a variety of agents including viral infection (hepatitis A virus, hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus and delta agents), bacterial invasion and physical and chemical agents. Hepatitis A and delta agent hepatitis are spread primarily from person to person via the fecal-oral route, but may occur by contact with water or food contaminated by the virus. Hepatitis B and C are spread by blood and serum-derived fluids and by direct contact with body fluids. Depending on the type of hepatitis involved, screening may be particularly recommended for persons who have traveled or worked in countries with high rates of infection, sexually active homosexual men, injecting and non-injecting illegal drug users, persons who work with infected primates in a laboratory setting, persons with chronic liver disease, persons with clotting disorders, blood bank and dialysis workers, dental hygienists, and other members of health care teams who come into contact with blood, body fluids or body tissue.
  • HIV Testing (30)
    LF-4900.2400

    HIV Testing

    LF-4900.2400

    Programs that offer HIV tests which are used to identify individuals who have been infected with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and are at risk for developing AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) or which are used to measure progression of the disease in people known to be infected. The most common HIV screening test is the enzyme immunoassay (EIA) which most frequently uses peripheral blood drawn from the arm or a finger as a sample, but can also be conducted using serum, oral fluids or urine. Repeatedly reactive EIA tests are confirmed using the Western blot or the immunofluorescence assay (IFA). The most common test that is used to measure disease progression is the PCR (polymeraise chain reaction) or viral load test. Many programs that provide HIV testing also provide pre-testing and post-test counseling which includes information about AIDS/HIV, reducing risks for HIV transmission, emotional support to help the individual deal with the testing process and test results, and information about and referral to other AIDS-related services.
  • Home Health Aide Services (2)
    LT-2800.3000

    Home Health Aide Services

    LT-2800.3000

    Programs that offer the services of paraprofessional aides who provide personal health care services which do not require special technical training, in the homes of recently discharged hospital patients, elderly individuals and people with disabilities. Services are provided in accordance with a written home health care plan and may include feeding, bathing and grooming patients; changing their beds; taking their temperature, pulse or respiration; helping them to the toilet or to use a bedpan; and other types of assistance that enhance their physical and emotional comfort. The home health aide may also perform other activities as taught by a health professional for a specific patient including changing a colostomy bag; assisting with the use of devices for aid to daily living; assisting with prescribed range of motion exercises; assisting with prescribed ice cap or collar; doing simple urine tests for sugar, acetone or albumin; measuring and preparing special diets; measuring fluid intake and output; and supervising the self-administration of medications (reminding the individual to take the medication, opening bottle caps, reading the medication label to the individual, observing the individual taking medications, checking the self-administered dosage against the label of the container and reassuring the individual that they have obtained and are taking the correct dosage).
  • Home Health Care (5)
    LT-2800

    Home Health Care

    LT-2800

    Programs that make necessary medical services available in the homes of people who are aged, ill or convalescing.
  • Home Nursing (1)
    LT-2800.3100

    Home Nursing

    LT-2800.3100

    Programs that offer skilled nursing care under the guidance and supervision of a physician in the homes of recently discharged hospital patients and other people who need continuous nursing care but are not in an acute phase of their illness.
  • Home/Community Based Developmental Disabilities Programs (3)
    LR-3100

    Home/Community Based Developmental Disabilities Programs

    LR-3100

    Programs for individuals with developmental disabilities that focus on enabling the individual to attain his or her maximum functional level and which may serve to reinforce skills or lessons taught in school, therapy or other settings. Services may be provided in the individual's home or outside the home in community-based settings.
  • Hospice Care (2)
    LT-3000

    Hospice Care

    LT-3000

    Programs that provide a full range of supportive services for terminally ill individuals who are in the final stages of their illnesses and for their families. Services may include medical care, pain and symptom management, home nurse visitation, case management, emotional and spiritual support, and bereavement services for the patient and members of the family. Hospice care may be provided at home, in a freestanding hospice facility, a hospice unit of a hospital or in long-term care facilities such as nursing homes. In order to qualify for Medicaid or Medicare reimbursement, an individual must have a life threatening illness and must be certified by their physician to have entered the last six months of life.
  • Hospital Based Outpatient Services (3)
    LN-3000

    Hospital Based Outpatient Services

    LN-3000

    Departments within hospitals or freestanding clinics operated by hospitals or hospital systems that are designed for the diagnosis and treatment of people with health problems who do not currently require a bed or admission for overnight care. Outpatient departments offer a wide range of treatment services, diagnostic tests and minor surgical procedures.
  • Hospitals (11)
    LL-3000

    Hospitals

    LL-3000

    Medical institutions that provide diagnostic and treatment services for people whose illnesses or injuries require that they occupy a bed for at least one night. Hospitals can be distinguished by the level of care they offer (general acute, subacute, extended acute care), the auspices under which they operate which also, in some cases, defines the patients they serve (city/county, state, Veteran's Affairs, military hospitals), and the medical conditions they specialize in treating (specialty hospitals).
  • Immunizations (5)
    LT-3400

    Immunizations

    LT-3400

    Programs that provide inoculations or other prophylactic measures to prevent susceptible individuals from contracting specific diseases for which means of control have been developed including immunizations recommended specifically for newborns and young children, booster shots to prevent the occurrence of childhood illnesses in adolescence and adulthood, inoculations recommended specifically for pregnant women and immunizations against illnesses such as shingles and pneumonia for older adults.
  • In Home Respite Care (4)
    PH-7000.3300

    In Home Respite Care

    PH-7000.3300

    Programs that provide a brief period of rest or relief for family members, guardians or others who are regular caregivers for children and/or dependent adults by offering temporary or intermittent care for the individual(s) in their own home.
  • Independent Living Skills Instruction (16)
    LR-3200

    Independent Living Skills Instruction

    LR-3200

    Programs that assist people who have disabilities to learn the basic skills of daily living through individual and group counseling and instruction, experience and practice in coping with real or simulated life situational demands; or through the use of assistive devices, special equipment and specialized assistants. Services include but are not limited to training in the ability to travel about the community alone; to live independently in a private residence; to maintain health through self-care and use of medical services; to live within personal income; to maintain acceptable grooming and appearance; to deal with legal, family or social problems; and to cope with other requirements for successful independent living.
  • Insulin (3)
    LH-6700.6400-330

    Insulin

    LH-6700.6400-330

    Programs that supply insulin, the preparation used in the treatment of diabetes, for people who are unable to purchase the medication for themselves.
  • Integrated Physical/Mental Health Services (17)
    LT-3470

    Integrated Physical/Mental Health Services

    LT-3470

    Systematically coordinated, patient-centered physical and mental health care delivered by a team of primary care and mental health clinicians in either a primary care or mental health setting. The objectives of coordinated mental health, substance use and primary care services are to increase access to appropriate prevention, treatment, recovery and wellness services and activities; reduce disparities between the availability of services for people with mental health and substance use disorders as compared with the availability of services for people with other medical conditions; and to ensure that mental and physical health services are well integrated and coordinated among service providers.
  • Kinship Care (8)
    PH-6300.3500

    Kinship Care

    PH-6300.3500

    Arrangements in which the full time care, supervision, nurturing and protection of a minor child is the responsibility of a grandparent, aunt, uncle or other relative, member of the child’s tribe or clan, godparent, stepparent, friend of family or another adult who has a long-standing relationship with the child or the family in situations where the child cannot live with his or her parents. Types of kinship care include informal agreements between family members or with a non-relative; kinship caregiver arrangements in which the caregiver has physical custody but the children’s protective services agency has legal custody; kinship guardian arrangements in which the caregiver has both legal and physical custody; and kinship foster care in which the caregiver is a licensed foster parent and has physical custody of the child while the children’s protective agency has legal custody.
  • Language Therapy (1)
    LR-8000.8000-450

    Language Therapy

    LR-8000.8000-450

    Programs that offer individual or group therapy sessions to assist people who have receptive or expressive language difficulties. Sessions usually focus on concept development, word sequencing (syntax), and word choice (vocabulary) as well as on the development or improvement of listening skills.
  • Lead Poisoning Screening (1)
    LF-4900.4500

    Lead Poisoning Screening

    LF-4900.4500

    Programs that take blood samples from young children to identify individuals who have ingested paint or other materials containing lead and have absorbed an undue amount of the substance. Results may lead to continued surveillance, testing, referrals for medical evaluation, and/or housing inspection to identify lead hazards and prevent further occurrences of lead poisoning. Included are screenings conducted during home visits and clinic-based screening.
  • Mammograms (1)
    LF-4900.1500-500

    Mammograms

    LF-4900.1500-500

    Programs that offer the screening procedure for the early detection of breast cancer which involves an X-ray picture of the breast area which can be studied for abnormalities.
  • Medicaid Information/Counseling (1)
    LH-3500.4900

    Medicaid Information/Counseling

    LH-3500.4900

    Programs that offer information and guidance for people who may qualify for Medicaid with the objective of empowering them to make informed choices. Included may be information about the eligibility requirements for Medicaid and how to apply; Medicaid Managed Care options, benefits covered (and not covered) by the program including long-term care and home and community-based services; the payment process for co-payments; Medicaid "spend-down" (the process of reducing income and/or assets an individual possesses in order to qualify for Medicaid); and information about Medicare and the linkages between the two programs. The program may also answer questions about Medicaid services available to individuals with disabilities; and some programs may help people who qualify with enrollment and provide referrals to providers who accept State Medicaid health insurance.
  • Medical Care Expense Assistance (2)
    LH-5100.5000

    Medical Care Expense Assistance

    LH-5100.5000

    Programs that pay the hospital bills, doctor bills, rehabilitation service bills, laboratory expenses or other health care expenses of people who are unable to obtain necessary health care without assistance. Also included are programs that provide vouchers which enable eligible individuals to obtain medical care. Medical bill payment assistance programs may have age, income, disability, need or other eligibility requirements.
  • Medical Equipment/Supplies (1)
    LH-5000

    Medical Equipment/Supplies

    LH-5000

    Programs that pay for or provide necessary in-home hospital equipment, monitoring devices, respiratory aids, prevention kits and other medical supplies that are required by people who want to prevent the transmission of an infectious disease, are coping with the effects of a chronic health condition or disability or are convalescing following surgery or illness. Included are programs that provide medical equipment on a loan basis as well as those that provide equipment that people can keep.
  • Medical Expense Assistance (1)
    LH-5100

    Medical Expense Assistance

    LH-5100

    Programs that pay the health care expenses of people who are unable to obtain necessary care without assistance. Medical expense assistance programs may have age, income, disability, need or other eligibility requirements.
  • Medical Supplies Donation Programs (2)
    TI-1800.5000-500

    Medical Supplies Donation Programs

    TI-1800.5000-500

    Programs that accept first aid kits, bandages and other medical dressing, ostomy supplies, incontinence supplies, compression hosiery, hernia supports, bed pans and other medical supplies and keep them for use in their own program or donate them to other community-based organizations for their own use or for distribution to the people they serve. Also included are programs that are accepting COVID-19 related supplies including hand sanitizer, disposable gloves, face masks, face shields and personal protective equipment (PPE) for health care workers.
  • Medicare Information/Counseling (3)
    LH-3500.5000

    Medicare Information/Counseling

    LH-3500.5000

    Programs that offer information and guidance for older adults and people with disabilities regarding their health insurance options with the objective of empowering them to make informed choices. Included is information about benefits covered (and not covered); the payment process; the rights of beneficiaries; the process for eligibility determinations, coverage denials and appeals; consumer safeguards; and options for filling the gap in Medicare coverage (Medigap supplement insurance). Also available is information relating to an individual's eligibility for benefits and assistance with evaluating their options and enrolling in a Medicare plan (A, B, C, and/or D) that will best meet their needs. These programs also address coordination of benefits when beneficiaries have other types of health insurance in addition to Medicare (e.g. Medicaid, employer coverage or retiree insurance) and provide counseling and assistance regarding the subsidies that are available to low income beneficiaries enrolled in the Part D Prescription Drug Benefit (which help pay for Part D premiums and reduce the cost of prescriptions at the pharmacy) and the Medicare Savings Programs which help pay for Medicare out-of-pocket costs. They may also provide information about Medicaid and the linkages between the two programs, referrals to appropriate state and local agencies involved in the Medicaid program, information about other Medicare-related entities (such as peer review organizations, Medicare-approved prescription drug plans, Medicare administrative contractors), and assistance in completing related Medicare insurance forms.
  • Medication Information/Management (1)
    LH-2700.5000

    Medication Information/Management

    LH-2700.5000

    Programs that conduct a review of the prescription and over-the-counter medication and other substances (e.g., herbal remedies, vitamins and other supplements, illegal drugs) that people are taking, and answer any questions they may have about their medications or their medication regimen. The reviews address a number of issues including appropriate therapeutic uses of particular substances; adverse side effects; interaction/reaction with foods and other drugs; product identification and availability or equivalency; safety when used by children, pregnant or breastfeeding women or older adults, many of whom may have multiple prescriptions; and outcomes. The objectives of the program are to support the individual's ability to self-administer medications as prescribed and to ensure their safety and well being, particularly in circumstances where their medication regimen is complex.
  • Midwifery (3)
    LJ-5000.5250

    Midwifery

    LJ-5000.5250

    Programs that utilize licensed midwives (registered or certified nurses who have received additional specialized training in maternal and child health care and the management of labor and delivery) to provide health care services for mothers and infants during pregnancy and delivery and following birth.
  • Mobile Health Care (2)
    LN-5000

    Mobile Health Care

    LN-5000

    Programs that use specially equipped mobile vehicles to deliver basic health care services to vulnerable and/or remote populations that are unable to access a community health care facility. The mobile clinics make scheduled stops in different neighborhoods and offer a wide variety of services which may include general physical examinations, pediatric services, health screening, vision screening, flu shots, childhood immunizations, laboratory services, WIC certification, STD screening and treatment, family planning services, pregnancy testing and treatment for minor illnesses. Included are street medicine programs that use outreach workers to seek out and provide primary health care services for unsheltered homeless people living on the streets, under bridges, in abandoned buildings or wherever else they stay.
  • Non-Emergency Medical Transportation (12)
    BT-4500.6500-500

    Non-Emergency Medical Transportation

    BT-4500.6500-500

    Programs that provide transportation for medical appointments, trips from and between hospitals, to nursing homes or other special-care centers or for other non-emergency medical needs for individuals who, because of financial problems or their physical condition, are unable to use other means of local transportation. NEMT service providers are able to transport riders who require a wheelchair lift equipped vehicle with appropriate protective restraints or a van that is designed for gurney/stretcher transportation, or has other types of features to meet their safety needs.
  • Nursing Facilities (5)
    LL-6000

    Nursing Facilities

    LL-6000

    Inpatient health care facilities that provide nursing and personal care over an extended period of time (usually more than 30 days) for people who require convalescent care at a level which is less than that provided in an acute facility and/or for chronically ill or frail elderly individuals or people with disabilities.
  • Nutrition Assessment Services (1)
    LF-4900.6200

    Nutrition Assessment Services

    LF-4900.6200

    Programs that evaluate an individual's nutritional history and dietary intake and develop a plan which ensures that the person's nutritional needs are met. The evaluation includes a review of the individual's food habits and preferences, an assessment of his or her feeding skills and eating problems and an analysis of biochemical and anthropometric variables including the person's height and weight and the fat content of his or her body.
  • Obstetrics/Gynecology (19)
    LV-6000

    Obstetrics/Gynecology

    LV-6000

    Programs that are staffed by specialists who provide comprehensive preventive, diagnostic and treatment services that focus on women's reproductive health and care for women during pregnancy, childbirth and the period immediately following childbirth as well as the health of the fetus.
  • Occupational Therapy (6)
    LR-6200

    Occupational Therapy

    LR-6200

    Programs that evaluate the task performance skills of individuals who may be having difficulty engaging in self-care, work, play or leisure time activities and help people across the lifespan participate in the things they want and need to do through the therapeutic use of everyday activities (occupations). Occupational therapy services typically include an individualized evaluation, during which the individual/family and occupational therapist agree on the person's goals; customized intervention to improve the person's ability to perform daily activities and reach their goals; and an outcomes evaluation to ensure that the goals are being met. Common occupational therapy interventions include helping children with disabilities to participate fully in school and social situations, helping people recovering from injury to regain skills, and providing supports for older adults experiencing physical and cognitive changes.
  • Ophthalmology (2)
    LV-2400.6300

    Ophthalmology

    LV-2400.6300

    Programs that are staffed by specialists who provide comprehensive preventive, diagnostic and treatment services for individuals who have diseases or injuries which affect the eyes.
  • Optometry (3)
    LV-2400.6350

    Optometry

    LV-2400.6350

    Programs that are staffed by health care professionals who are licensed to provide primary eye care services including comprehensive eye health and vision examinations; diagnosis and treatment of disease and vision disorders; and prescriptions for glasses, contact lenses, low vision rehabilitation, vision therapy and medications. Optometrists check patient vision using eye charts; measure patient nearsightedness, farsightedness, depth perception and other vision problems using optical instruments; prescribe and fit corrective lenses or other corrective treatments to conserve, improve and correct vision; prescribe training exercises to strengthen weak eye muscles; and counsel patients on contact lens use and care, visual hygiene, lighting arrangements, working distances and safety factors. They may also examine eyes for glaucoma and other diseases and refer patients to ophthalmologists or other physicians and surgeons when ocular or other diseases are found. Optometrists may specialize in fitting visual aids for people who are partially blind, fitting contact lenses or correcting special vision problems.
  • Oral/Maxillofacial Surgery (7)
    LV-1600.6300

    Oral/Maxillofacial Surgery

    LV-1600.6300

    Programs that are staffed by specialists who perform restorative dental operations on the mouth and associated structures, especially the teeth and jaws and, in some cases, the face.
  • Orthodontics (3)
    LV-1600.6350

    Orthodontics

    LV-1600.6350

    Programs that are staffed by specialists who are concerned with straightening teeth that are abnormally positioned or aligned.
  • Out of Home Respite Care (2)
    PH-7000.6000

    Out of Home Respite Care

    PH-7000.6000

    Programs that provide a brief period of rest or relief for family members, guardians or others who are regular caregivers for children and/or dependent adults by offering temporary or intermittent care for the individual(s) in a community setting/facility.
  • Pain Management (2)
    LT-6600

    Pain Management

    LT-6600

    Multidisciplinary programs that specialize in the treatment of individuals who have chronic, severe pain of organic origin that has not responded to medical or surgical therapy. Treatment is individualized and may include occupational therapy, muscle relaxation, behavior modification, stress management, biofeedback, psychological and psychosocial counseling, nutrition counseling, food allergy testing, exercise programs and a variety of physical intervention techniques including electrical stimulation of selected peripheral nerves and laser biostimulation.
  • Palliative Care (1)
    LT-6650

    Palliative Care

    LT-6650

    Programs that provide for the comprehensive management of the physical, psychological, social, spiritual and existential needs of patients with the objective of helping them achieve the best possible quality of life through relief of suffering, control of symptoms and restoration of functional capacity while remaining sensitive to personal, cultural and religious values, beliefs and practices. The focus of palliative care is on people with incurable, progressive illnesses who are in the early stages of their illness. Palliative care may be provided in a wide variety of health care settings including hospitals, nursing facilities, hospice facilities and the person's own home; and may be coordinated with other services including curative therapies.
  • Pap Tests (2)
    LF-4900.1500-650

    Pap Tests

    LF-4900.1500-650

    Programs that conduct microscopic studies of tissue samples from the cervix or vagina as a means of early cancer detection in women.
  • Paternity/Maternity Establishment (1)
    LF-5350.6500

    Paternity/Maternity Establishment

    LF-5350.6500

    Programs that help to determine the probability of parenthood in disputes involving a claim or denial of paternity or maternity by analyzing blood and tissue samples from the assumed father or mother for compatibility with the child's blood and tissue. Included are programs that establish claims of fatherhood or motherhood in situations where immigrants are seeking family-based visas for their offspring or parents.
  • Patient/Family Housing (2)
    LH-6300.3650-600

    Patient/Family Housing

    LH-6300.3650-600

    Programs that provide temporary living quarters for people who are ill and for their families while the individual who is ill receives treatment or care. Included are programs that make it possible for family members to stay in local hotels, motels or other settings at no cost or a reduced cost, hotels and motels that provide discounts for people who are visiting an ill family member and programs that maintain special facilities for this purpose.
  • Pediatric Dentistry (11)
    LV-1600.6400

    Pediatric Dentistry

    LV-1600.6400

    Programs that specialize in providing oral health care for infants, children and adolescents.
  • Pediatrics (9)
    LV-6800

    Pediatrics

    LV-6800

    Programs that are staffed by specialists who are concerned with the physical, emotional and social health of infants, children and adolescents from birth to young adulthood. Pediatricians have advanced training in the biological, social and environmental factors that have an influence on a developing child and have expertise in diagnosing and treating the acute and chronic diseases that are common to individuals in this age range.
  • Periodontics (5)
    LV-1600.6500

    Periodontics

    LV-1600.6500

    Programs that are staffed by specialists who are concerned with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the tissues which surround the teeth.
  • Physical Therapy (4)
    LR-6600

    Physical Therapy

    LR-6600

    Programs that evaluate joint motion, muscle strength and endurance, heart and lung function and the ability of people to perform activities of daily living; and utilize the therapeutic properties of exercise, heat, cold, electricity, ultraviolet, water, manipulation and massage to improve circulation, strengthen muscles, reduce pain and restore mobility to people who have been disabled by a stroke, arthritis, back or spinal cord injuries or other debilitating conditions. Physical therapists practice in a variety of settings including hospitals, private offices, outpatient clinics, rehabilitation centers, developmental centers, home health agencies, schools and pediatric centers.
  • Podiatry/Foot Care (7)
    LV-7200

    Podiatry/Foot Care

    LV-7200

    Programs that are staffed by specialists who provide comprehensive preventive, diagnostic, and treatment services for individuals who have diseases of or injuries to the feet. Conditions treated may include bacterial and fungal infections, skin and nail disorders, benign and cancerous tumors, congenital and acquired foot deformities and foot problems caused by illnesses such as diabetes, arthritis and cardiovascular diseases. Treatment includes use of surgical procedures, casting or other forms of immobilization and the prescription of corrective devices, oral and locally injected medication and physical therapy. Included are services provided by podiatrists, chiropodists and other foot care specialists. Foot care may also be provided by nurses. Podiatrists are health professional specialists with a Doctor of Podiatric Medicine degree.
  • Pregnancy Counseling (6)
    LJ-2000.6500

    Pregnancy Counseling

    LJ-2000.6500

    Programs that help people who are experiencing a crisis pregnancy resolve any social or personal problems that have arisen as a result of their pregnancy or the prospect of parenthood, and help them understand their conflicting emotions, put their feelings in perspective, evaluate their options and make a decision that right is for them.
  • Pregnancy Testing (17)
    LJ-2000.6750

    Pregnancy Testing

    LJ-2000.6750

    Programs that utilize laboratory procedures to determine whether an individual is pregnant or which provide access to devices for establishing pregnancy that people can use at home.
  • Prenatal Care (4)
    LJ-5000.6600

    Prenatal Care

    LJ-5000.6600

    Programs that provide medical care for expectant mothers from the time of conception to the onset of labor to ensure their own physical well-being and the healthy development and birth of their child. Services generally include identification of risk factors based on age, health and/or personal and family history that may affect a woman's pregnancy; diet and lifestyle advice; routine checkups to look for signs of problems associated with pregnancy (such as edema, preeclampsia, or gestational diabetes) and to assure that the pregnancy is progressing well; ultrasound and other forms of prenatal testing to monitor fetal development and check for possible birth defects; and general information about being pregnant, e.g., what is normal and what is cause for concern, remedies for morning sickness or sleeplessness, managing weight gain and other common issues.
  • Prenatal Evaluation (1)
    LF-7300

    Prenatal Evaluation

    LF-7300

    Programs that utilize any of a variety of techniques to detect fetal abnormalities prior to the birth of the child. Results of the tests can be used to manage the remaining weeks of pregnancy, plan for possible complications in the birth process, plan for care of the newborn infant, decide whether to continue the pregnancy and/or determine whether fetal treatment is required.
  • Prenatal/Postnatal Home Visitation Programs (1)
    LJ-5000.6615

    Prenatal/Postnatal Home Visitation Programs

    LJ-5000.6615

    Programs staffed by nurses or other trained professionals or volunteers that visit the homes of eligible mothers during pregnancy and early infancy to help the women improve their personal health and development during the prenatal period and learn to care for the child following birth. The visits encourage the mothers to maintain good nutrition; and provide information regarding danger signs in pregnancy, preparation for labor and delivery, breastfeeding and other feeding options, baby supplies, basic infant care, newborn behaviors and child development. They help to ensure that infants and toddlers are nurtured, live in a safe environment in and around the home and receive proper health care. Included are programs that focus on low income individuals, pregnant teens, first-time mothers, women with high risk pregnancies or other special populations as well as those that are more broadly available.
  • Prescription Expense Assistance (7)
    LH-5100.6500

    Prescription Expense Assistance

    LH-5100.6500

    Programs that provide financial assistance to purchase necessary prescription drugs for people who would be in an emergency situation without assistance. Also included are programs that reimburse individuals for their prescription expenses, usually on an annual basis. Prescription expense assistance programs may have age, income, disability, need or other eligibility requirements.
  • Prescription Medication Monitoring Systems (1)
    LH-6700.6500

    Prescription Medication Monitoring Systems

    LH-6700.6500

    Programs that provide any of a wide variety of equipment and services that help patients with cognitive impairments or other problems remember to take their prescription medication per their physician's instructions.
  • Respite Care (9)
    PH-7000

    Respite Care

    PH-7000

    Programs that provide a brief period of relief or rest for family members, guardians or other people who are regular caregivers for dependent adults or children by offering temporary or intermittent care in the home or in community settings/facilities.
  • Sexuality/Reproductive Health Education (8)
    LJ-8000

    Sexuality/Reproductive Health Education

    LJ-8000

    Programs that provide information about the physiological and emotional aspects of human sexuality including anatomy and physiology, puberty, pregnancy, birth control, sexually transmitted disease and the subsequent risk of infertility, menopause and the attitudes, feelings and behaviors that are related to sexuality for people of all ages.
  • Sexually Transmitted Disease Screening (31)
    LF-4900.8000

    Sexually Transmitted Disease Screening

    LF-4900.8000

    Programs that identify individuals who have contracted gonorrhea, syphilis, genital herpes or other diseases that are spread by sexual contact and diagnose their conditions. The procedure includes visual examinations, blood tests and analyses of discharge or samples taken from lesions.
  • Sexually Transmitted Disease Treatment (4)
    LT-1750.8000

    Sexually Transmitted Disease Treatment

    LT-1750.8000

    Programs that provide comprehensive preventive, diagnostic and treatment services for people who have contracted gonorrhea, syphilis, genital herpes or another disease that is transmitted by sexual contact. Treatment usually involves an investigation of recent contacts of people who have been infected to stop the spread of the disease.
  • Special Care Dentistry (1)
    LV-1600.8000

    Special Care Dentistry

    LV-1600.8000

    Programs that specialize in providing oral health care for individuals with medical conditions or disabilities who may require more than routine dental care to achieve and maintain good oral health. People who require special care may have genetic or systemic disorders that affect their oral health; may be undergoing medical treatments that cause oral problems; or may have mental or physical disabilities that complicate oral hygiene or treatment. The dental team may need to transfer a patient with cerebral palsy from the wheelchair to the dental chair, use some sign language to communicate with deaf patients, adapt oral hygiene devices so a patient can use them, develop a treatment strategy for a patient who has received an organ transplant, determine the best anesthetic alternative for a patient who has heart disease, or develop an oral health plan for a patient who must undergo treatment for cancer. Special care dentistry encompasses preventive, diagnostic, and treatment services.
  • Speech Therapy (4)
    LR-8000.8000-820

    Speech Therapy

    LR-8000.8000-820

    Programs that offer individual or group therapy sessions which focus on the remediation of specific articulation problems in which speech sounds are omitted, replaced by substitute sounds or distorted; voice problems in which pitch, loudness or quality of voice is affected; or stuttering.
  • Telemedicine (62)
    LV-8500

    Telemedicine

    LV-8500

    Programs that allow health care professionals to evaluate, diagnose and treat patients in remote locations using telecommunications technology. Telemedicine permits two-way, real time interactive communication between the patient, and the physician or other practitioners at a distant site. Some programs may also incorporate other forms of communication including transfer of medical information such as CT scans, MRIs, ultrasound studies, radiographic images and pathology images to medical personnel at another site for review and analysis. The technology is also being used in other related areas of practice (e.g., mental health, substance use disorders, gambling) as well as for teaching and remote caregiving purposes.
  • Travel Immunizations (1)
    LT-3400.8500

    Travel Immunizations

    LT-3400.8500

    Programs that provide inoculations to prevent individuals who will be traveling outside the U.S., Canada and Europe from contracting infectious diseases such as typhoid, typhus, hepatitis A and B, malaria, dysentery or yellow fever.
  • Tuberculosis Clinics (1)
    LT-1750.9000

    Tuberculosis Clinics

    LT-1750.9000

    Programs that provide comprehensive treatment services for people who have tuberculosis.
  • Tuberculosis Screening (36)
    LF-4900.8600

    Tuberculosis Screening

    LF-4900.8600

    Programs that identify individuals who have contracted tuberculosis by administering chest x-rays; the Mantoux test, the von Pirquet test or the Vollmer patch test, all of which determine the presence of a tuberculosis infection based on a local inflammatory reaction to a sample of the bacillus which has been injected or rubbed into the skin; or other screening tools.
  • Urgent Care Centers (2)
    LN-8500

    Urgent Care Centers

    LN-8500

    Programs, which may be available on a 24-hour basis, that provide walk-in treatment services for people who have minor illnesses or injuries. Urgent care centers serve as an alternative to hospital emergency departments for episodic care that can not be delayed until an appointment at a physician's office is available; and are often equipped to provide services not generally available in primary care physician offices, e.g., have x-ray facilities that allow for treatment of minor fractures and foreign bodies such as nail gun injuries and/or minor care trauma rooms that facilitate the repair of minor and moderate to severe lacerations that can be treated in an urgent care center.
  • Veterans Affairs Medical Centers (1)
    LL-3000.9000

    Veterans Affairs Medical Centers

    LL-3000.9000

    Health care facilities operated by the U.S. government that provide inpatient and outpatient medical, surgical and psychiatric care for eligible veterans.
  • Well Baby Care (1)
    LF-7000.9500

    Well Baby Care

    LF-7000.9500

    Programs that provide health screening and immunization services for infants and toddlers to ensure their physical well-being and healthy development. Preschool aged children are also eligible in some areas.
  • Wellness Programs (17)
    LH-2700.9500

    Wellness Programs

    LH-2700.9500

    Programs that offer individual and/or group sessions which assist participants to understand how their lifestyle impacts their physical and mental health and to develop personal practices that enhance their total well-being. Wellness programs are holistic and combine a variety of components which may include a general physical examination that is tailored to the individual's needs; an evaluation of the person's pattern of exercise, eating habits, sources of stress and other lifestyle elements that are potential risk factors; and the development and implementation of an individualized plan for prevention management and early intervention to optimize health and performance which may include physical fitness sessions, nutrition counseling, stress reduction techniques, biofeedback, practice in assuming responsibility for one's choices, and other specific measures for avoiding physical and mental health problems.